THE TRUE SCALE OF THE GLOBAL BETRAYAL OF INNOCENCE
(By Brian Mark Hennessy)
It is very difficult at times to understand fully the extent of the grave and widespread proliferation of child abuse throughout the world. As a parent, as so many readers maybe, it is also impossible to imagine how utterly shattered you would be if you were to discover that a child of your own had been abused in any way. Yet somewhere in this world, daily, perhaps hourly, many parents do come to learn that the innocence of the childhood of a son or a daughter has been ravaged by a sexual predator of children. In most cases that information will come as an incomprehensible and bewildering shock that promotes inordinate anger. I remember my mother’s reaction when I told her how I had been abused by a priest of the Comboni Missionary Order when I was a seminarian at the Mirfield St Peter Claver’s Seminary of the Comboni Missionary Order in the 1960s. I told my mother during a “heart to heart” when she was in her eighties and I was, by then, in my sixties. There was a look of horror on her face. It was incomprehensible to her. She was struck by a sense of great grief that she did not know at the time – and guilt for never having been able to protect me from the sexual onslaught I suffered over a two-week period at the hands of a Catholic priest when locked into the infirmary that he controlled. Her deep distress had made me wish that I had never opened my mouth. At that moment I would have gladly kicked myself for not remaining silent.
My father had already passed away by then. He was Irish to the very core and an un-swerving, un-compromising, totally committed Catholic. My mother blessed the fact that he had never known of the abuse – because she knew that it would have destroyed utterly both his life and his faith. In some ways it did. I had been his first-born son. He had coaxed me from the touch-line at every football match that I had played. He had bought me my first cricket bat and taught me how to keep it “springy” with linseed oil. He had made me a fishing rod out of a bamboo cane so that together we could catch ravenous crabs in the seaside pools. We were intimately connected. We were almost as one being. He was so proud on the day that I went to the seminary and would have thanked God for that blessing. Following the abuse, however, I rejected him. I conflated the abuse of a priest with my father’s strict Catholicism – and I hardly ever visited my father again – until he was on his death-bed. My years since have been spent in deep remorse for my act of callousness – if that is what it was.
In the sixties when my abuse had been perpetrated against me, the world was a different place. Communications were slower. I remember writing letters to old school friends – and then watching the postman go from door to door for weeks, if not months, in anticipation of receiving a letter in reply. Once received it would be read over and over again – and shared with all. How different it is today. We finger a message to someone the other side of the world on our hand-held devices and often receive a response in minutes – if not seconds. We can even conduct a digital chat in real time. The technological world has shrunk the delivery time of all communications and broadened our knowledge of world events. Whether or not that is a good thing, or what we wish for, we now have the brutality of the world at our finger-tips. We can no longer be ignorant of distant wars, geological or tempestuous catastrophes and human suffering of all kinds. We need to ask ourselves sometimes whether this is making us more and more immune to suffering or if it increases our concern. If the former indifference is the mainstream reaction, then the future of the world will become dispassionate and heartless. We must not allow this to happen.
I will tell you why that is an imperative – by way of an example. At the time that I was abused by a priest in the 1960s, child sexual abuse did not repeatedly hit the headlines – and other forms of physical and psychological child cruelty and torture were not a regular feature of the pages of the daily press as they sometimes are today. The heartless use of children as child soldiers was virtually unheard of – and ritual killings of African albino youths would have been beyond our imaginations.
That was then, but to this mix today, we must add the enormous scale of the sale of children into slavery, child prostitution and the use of children to provide pornographic literature and film to satisfy depraved adult appetites. In the 1960s when I was abused by a priest, the population of England was about forty million. The population of children today in the Philippines in which I temporarily reside, is the same as the total population of England in 1960 – about forty million.
It is difficult to imagine an England in the 1960s comprised totally of children – but think on it for a moment. Think that everybody you would or could possibly meet or see was a child. Now imagine if the scope of child sexual abuse in that fictitious England was the same as it is estimated to be today in the Philippines – almost 25% of all children – in other words 10 million children. In my 1960’s example of a fictitious England of 40 million children, one in every four children you would see or meet would have been abused. I ask the reader to stop for a minute and ask yourself, “How does that make you feel?” Are you horrified – or are you immune to the force of this shocking statistic?
That figure of 10 million is almost incomprehensible, but that is the estimate of Bernadette Madrid, head of the University of the Philippines-Manila child protection unit. Madrid stated, during the Third Forensic Science Symposium organized by UP Diliman-Natural Sciences Research Institute that overall, “24.4 percent of Filipino children have experienced sexual abuse. If you divide that by gender, 28.7% of the victims of sexual abuse were boys, while 20.1 % were girls. What it means is that at least one in four children in the Philippines has experienced sexual abuse. If you have a hundred million population (as the Philippines does today) of which 40 million are children, then one fourth of that would be at least 10 million. That’s 10 million children in one country (the Philippines) that have experienced sexual abuse.”
Moving on, I accept that it is not possible to extrapolate the numbers of children sexually abused in the Philippines to a global figure around the whole of the world – for there is no direct evidence for such a calculation. Yet we do know that significant numbers, mostly estimates made by researchers, of abused children have been revealed in many countries. In the United States, for example, which has a population more than three times that of the Philippines, the “Peaceful Hearts Foundation” has asserted that their informed estimate of the number of child abuse “Survivors” in the United States is about 42 million out of a total population today of well over 300 million. In percentage terms that is lower than in the Philippines. Nevertheless, their research indicates that, “Most children are abused by someone they know and trust. Of these, an estimated 60% of perpetrators of sexual abuse are known to the child, but are not close family members; they are friends, babysitters, childcare providers, neighbors etc. About 30% of the perpetrators are family members, e.g., fathers, mothers, brothers, uncles, aunts, cousins. Just 10% of perpetrators are strangers to the child. In most cases, the perpetrator is male regardless of whether the victim is a boy or girl.
Above, I have only provided figures from two countries of the estimated extent of child sexual abuse. Those two countries have a joint population of about 450 million and an estimated combined incidence of 52 million children who have been sexually abused. The population of the world in August 2016 was 7.5 billion. Whilst it would be statistically wrong to attempt it, if a simple extrapolation of the global number of child sexual abuse victims from that number could even be reasonably contemplated – it would exceed 800 million children. God forbid that it is anything like that, but we simply do not know – and never will. One reason for this is that many abused children will never reveal the extent of the abuse committed against them and will possibly never understand and nor be able to define how their future lives will be affected by the psychological trauma.
Abused children have no powers to defend themselves. They are helpless to fend off predators. They rely, often in vain, on the adults of this world to protect them. Many child Victims may have self-perceptions of shame and guilt. Some accept, for the most part that what has happened has happened. Others are so frequently abused that they may even believe it is the norm. Thus, Victims themselves are often very slow to come forward with information. My own experience, was that over many years I needed to rationalize the fact of my innocence and expel any sense of shame and complicity out of the original abuse scenario before I could even begin to categorise it as “abuse”.
Such rationalization can take a very long time. William J. Cromie of the Harvard News Office wrote about such phenomena following investigations at Harvard University. He stated: “When questioned closely by psychologists from Harvard University about their feelings, victims of childhood sexual abuse revealed some surprising impressions. First, the abuse apparently was not seen as traumatic, terrifying, life threatening, or violent at the time. “It hurt,” said one man who was raped as a boy, and after a while I knew it was wrong, but not at the beginning.”
Only two out of the 27 interviewed at Harvard recalled feeling traumatized at the time, report the psychologists Susan Clancy and Richard McNally. Some psychologists believe that forgetting childhood sexual abuse is a deep-seated unconscious blocking out of the event, an involuntary mechanism that automatically keeps painful memories out of consciousness. However, Clancy and McNally’s work leads them to conclude that it’s just ordinary forgetting. Clancy asserts, “Memories of childhood sexual assault can slip from awareness in the same way that ordinary memories can.”
However, that “everyday forgetting” does not necessarily exclude voluntary suppression, insufficient reminders, or memory avoidance. McNally adds: “A failure to think about something is not the same as being unable to remember it”. The research also showed that later when the violations were recalled, all 27 of those assaulted reported multiple negative effects from the abuse, such as loss of trust in people, difficulties with relationships, sexual problems, loss of self- esteem, mental health problems, or alienation”.
It can be deduced from that statement of McNally that it may be that the adult “recovered” memories of the assaults are often seen as traumatic, rather than the childhood event itself being seen that way, and thus the recall of the event is what is responsible for the adverse impacts later in the Victim’s life. I can relate to that experience, because my adult sudden awareness that I was abused when I was a minor caused nothing less than a “panic attack” – during which I swayed back and forth with my head in my hands and crying repeatedly out loud, “Oh my God, he abused me! Oh my God, he abused me!”
There is another reason, however, why many children throughout the world have not yet even begun to fully unravel themselves from the shifting obscurities of the recesses of their minds. Of course, many may never do so. Nevertheless, every Survivor of abuse is aware of the power of those, whom necessarily, they would need to accuse if they were to “go public”. They know it as “power’ because that is the nature of the physical and moral pressure that was exerted upon them at the time of abuse by the abuser. Survivors of child abuse were “Victims” in every sense of the word at the time of the abuse for they had no ability to fully understand, in a mature sense, what was happening to them, let alone the physical strength to repel the adult abuser – who had gone to some lengths, in most cases, to befriend the guileless child in the first instance.
If the abuse took place in an institutional context, the “image” of the powerful abuser may be extended to other members of the same institution and even to the institution itself. In this context, an extension of antipathetical wariness may have been enhanced by the Victim’s sense of embedded “Institutional Denial”. When that is indeed evident, the “Denial” can be formidable in both its character and execution. The Catholic Church, for example, have shown themselves, globally, to be willing to expend billions in US dollar terms, to protect themselves. In comparison, a large number of Victims have no such resources to risk on a legal suit of unknown outcomes. When Victims seek to reveal their abuse, they know, intrinsically, that they will be taking on not just the abuser, but the whole institute which has deep pockets – and they know that institutes are in the mode of “denial” – even when they are fully aware that the abuse took place.
A Victim’s realisation that they will face such institutional denial and the institution’s almost limitless resources at every juncture may not just be daunting, but overwhelming. That is why so many Victims are not prepared to seek justice – and remain forever silent. Of course, there is a psychological impact to such silence – because “not telling the story” perpetuates many of the adverse impacts related to the abuse. I know myself that there are a number of Victims, who were abused at the Comboni Missionaries’ Mirfield seminary who, so far, have been reluctant for a variety of reasons to take a leap into the unknown and seek justice. Many have simply not yet come to terms with the psychological impacts of the abuse.
My personal experience of such “institutional denial” is that the Institution, the Comboni Missionary Order of Verona Italy, will go to the extremes in their outright denial of the endemic abuse at their Mirfield seminary establishment – even in the face of previous statements made by themselves to the effect that they were aware of the abuse. The other tactic they use is “silence” and they believe that that makes them unaccountable in some way. Knowing the truth of the abuse that I personally experienced, however, I do not buy their guise of innocence – in whatever cloak of mendacity they dress up their denials. They have shown themselves, in extremis, to be mendaciously callous – as has been demonstrated by their recent, unsuccessful attempt to destroy one victim with false criminal charges in the Italian Criminal Tribunal of Verona.
Globally, the Catholic Church, behind whose facade the Comboni Missionary Order hides, has made many attempts to prevent cases of abuse getting into a court-room. Recently, in New York, the Diocese of the economically-astute, long-term strategist, Cardinal Dolan, expended some $2-million alone simply to obstruct a proposed time limit extension on getting abuse cases to court. They use “Denial” and “Obstruction” – in every which sense it may be facilitated – to choke off the evidence of their ageless complicity in the crimes of child sexual abuse. Their reputations for so doing are not so much just “tarnished” as “obliterated”.
My purpose here, however, is not to beat my drum once again about the gross failures of the Comboni Missionary Order of Verona, Italy, to admit, finally, the sexual abuse committed by members of their Order that has been known to them for some five long decades already. Nor is it to revisit, specifically, the vacuous chuntering of the Catholic Cardinal Archbishop of New York about the “merciful” nature of his legal protectionism. I want the readers of this blog today to remember that scandalous, indeed horrifying, potential figure of the world-wide scale of depraved adult sexual and other forms of cruel, physical and psychological abuse of gullible, innocent children. That potential, but impossible figure to verify, is 800 million and greater than the combined populations of the United States, Brazil, Russia and the Philippines. It is an incomprehensible figure of child victims of abuse. Even if you halve it to 400 million – or divide it again to 200 million – it remains incomprehensible and shocking beyond belief. Whatever the true figure is, we shall never know, but I have faith that most readers, who for the first time are confronted with the potential, global scale of child abuse, will be both distressed and horrified at such an adult “ betrayal of innocence”.
I give the last word to the UN Special Rapporteur Report (2014) on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography, Najat Maalla M’jid: “Changes in the nature and extent of the sale and sexual exploitation of children reveal preoccupying trends. Even though this issue has gained increased visibility over the past years, thanks to the joint efforts of numerous stakeholders, millions of children worldwide are still victims of sexual exploitation today and have their childhood stolen. The phenomenon has developed and become increasingly complex. Risk factors are growing and multiplying. The social tolerance for these crimes, impunity, corruption and precarious socio-economic situations remain among the most challenging obstacles to overcome in combating this scourge”.
It is quite clear that statistically, just because you do not hear of sexual abuse of children in your own neighborhood – you should not believe for a moment that it is not there. If you do hear of it, or even suspect the possibility of it, my plea is that you have the courage to report it. I know it is a challenge to do so – as on two occasions in my life I felt compelled to do so – and did so. It is not easy, especially if the person you are reporting is a neighbour or is otherwise known to you. Whatever the circumstances, it is your adult duty to protect the helpless child. We have provided details of whom you may contact on this blog before, but we repeat it again below. In addition, if you yourself have been abused as a child and you are still affected by the impacts of that abuse, then do seek help. To that end we include helplines in our list.
WORLDWIDE LIST OF FIRST RESPONDER TELEPHONE NUMBERS FOR REPORTING SUSPICIONS OF INSTANCES OF CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE AND HELPLINES FOR THOSE SUFFERING THE EFFECTS OF CHILD ABUSE
Reporting Abuse as a first Responder in the United Kingdom – always call the Police on the 999 emergency Police number or the 101 non-emergency Police number.
Alcoholics Anonymous (GB) : help@alcoholics-anonymous,org.uk or Tel 0800 9177 650
UK National Drugs Helpline: 0800 77 66 00
Drug Wise: Twitter @DrugWise UK, or Tel 077121 52 99 36, or email@example.com
Drug Rehabilitation: firstname.lastname@example.org or Tel 01978 312 120 (daytime) or 07736 248 851 (nights)
Narcotics Anonymous UK helpline: 0300 999 1212
Lifeline heloline: 0161 839 2054
NSPCC – Action for Children: Help@nspcc.org.uk
NSPCC – Adult Callers: 0808 800 5000, Childline 0800 1111
National Helpline: email@example.com or Tel 0808 1000 900
NAPAC Supporting Recovery from Childhood Abuse: firstname.lastname@example.org
Survivors Trust : 0808 801 0818
National Suicide Prevention Samaritans UK & ROI Hotline: +44 (0) 8457 90 90 90 (UK – local rate) Hotline: +44 (0) 8457 90 91 92 (UK minicom) Hotline: 1850 60 90 90 (ROI – local rate) Hotline: 1850 60 90 91 (ROI minicom) Website: samaritans.org E-mail Helpline: email@example.com Survivors UK, Unit 1, Queen Anne Terrace, Sovereign Court, The Highway, London E1W 3HH: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mind – the Mental Health Charity for those who have suffered Sexual Abuse:
Adult Helpline 0844 847 7879, Parent and child helpline 1800 155 1800
Bishops’ Conference of Scotland Catholic Safeguarding Organisation: email@example.com
National Office for Safeguarding children in the Catholic Church in Ireland, St Patrick’s College, Maynooth, Co. Kildare: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com
Safeguarding Board for Northern Ireland: firstname.lastname@example.org
Tusla – Child and Family Agency, Brunel Building, Heuston South Quarter, Dublin, Republic of Ireland: email@example.com
The Church’s Child Protection Advisory Service: firstname.lastname@example.org
Terence McKiernan, Bishop Accountability Organisation: email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org
United Kingdom Childrens’ Helplines There-4-Me Childline UK – 0800 1111 Muslim Youth Helpline – 0808 808 2008 Childline Scotland – 0800 44 1111 NSPCC: English – 0808 800 5000 Welsh – 0808 100 2524 Bengali – 0800 096 7714 Gujurati – 0800 096 7715 Hindi – 0800 096 7716 Punjabi – 0800 096 7717 Urdu – 0800 096 7718 Breathing Space – 0800 838587 Connexions – 080 800 13 2 19 Birmingham Space – 0800 072 5070 Samaritans – 08457 90 90 90 Runaway Helpline – 0808 800 70 70 Careline – 0181 514 1177 Youth 2 Youth – 020 8896 3675 Girls Space – 0800 072 5070 Get Connected – 0800 808 4994 Support Line – 020 8554 9004 Muslim Youth Helpline – 0808 808 2008
United States of America
Survivors of sexual abuse living in the United States of America and Canada are advised, (without any liability of this site), to consider making contact with the following help organisations and professionals who are able to assist…..
Alcoholism: Alcoholics Anonymous meetings exist throughout the world and the doors are always open to newcomers. Start here to find a meeting in your area: www.aa.org/pages/en_US/find-local-aa. Once you get comfortable, look for a sponsor who honors your trauma background. If you are the loved one of an alcoholic, start here to find local Al-Anon or Alateen meetings: al-anon.org/find-a-meeting.
Other substance abuse: Narcotics Anonymous meetings also are held in many places. Start here to find a meeting: www.na.org/meetingsearch.
Childhelp: A resource about child abuse and neglect for kids, parents and teachers is at www.childhelp.org.
International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation: a resource for professionals and the public. Its website includes a “find a therapist” link here: www.isst-d.org/default.asp?contentID=18.
International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies: Though primarily a resource for professionals, it does offer a “Find a Clinician” link at www.istss.org/find-a-clinician.aspx.
MaleSurvivor.org: This is, in my opinion, the best resource available for male sexual abuse survivors. It is directed by clinicians, survivors, academics, researchers and advocates who serve for limited terms. MaleSurvivor.org offers recovery weekends, a great reading list, resources for finding a therapist, safe chat rooms for survivors, and more.
Mental Health America: an advocacy and support agency with local affiliates all over the country (www.mentalhealthamerica.net). It offers a wealth of information about mental health issues and can help you find local affiliates and other mental health resources. They also have online mental health screenings that help individuals and loved ones get a sense of what mental health issue they may be confronting.
National Center on Elder Abuse: As more people are living longer, elder abuse is becoming a greater national problem. This group (www.ncea.aoa.gov) has online resources about elder abuse. Their elder care locator will help you find the local agency to whom to report elder abuse: eldercare.gov/Eldercare.NET/Public/Index.aspx or 800-677-1116.
National Domestic Violence Hotline: Resources for survivors and individuals in current domestic violence situations, including abusers: 800-799-SAFE, or www.thehotline.org.
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: A 24/7 resource for anyone thinking about suicide and for friends and relatives concerned about a loved one: 800-273-TALK, or www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org.
RAINN (Rape, Abuse, and Incest National Network): RAINN is a good resource for those who have been sexually assaulted as adults or as young people: rainn.org/get-information.
Sidran Traumatic Stress Institute: Sidran’s website offers a host of information for survivors and for loved ones (www.sidran.org/resources/for-survivors-and-loved-ones), an extensive reading list (www.sidran.org/resources/essential-readings-in-trauma) and links to many other resources (www.sidran.org/resources/links).
Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests: SNAP (www.snapnetwork.org) is an effective social justice advocacy organization that works to prevent child sexual abuse, especially by clergy.
SNAP Survivors Network of those Abused by Priests, PO Box 6416, Chicago, IL 60680-6416: email@example.com
Terence McKiernan, Bishop Accountability Organisation: firstname.lastname@example.org and email@example.com
Voice of the Faithful, Boston USA: firstname.lastname@example.org
List of International Helplines to assist our Worldwide Readers in Reporting Child Abuse
Albania Child Helpline- +355 4 2308 20
CISMAI Italian Network of Agencies against Child Abuse: email@example.com
GESPCAN German Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: firstname.lastname@example.org
ISPCAN The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: email@example.com
Austria Telefonhilfe fur Kinder und Jugendliche – 147
Belgium Kinder- en Jongerentelefoon Vlaanderen VZW – 0800 15 111 ChildFocus – 110, Ecoute Enfants – 103 Bosnia and Herzegovina Udruzenje roditelja tesko bolesne djece u BiH CLL line – 00387 65 341 298
Bulgaria National Hotline for Children – +359 2 981 93 00
Croatia Hrabri telefon (Brave Phone)– 0800 0800
Cyprus Hotline for missing children – 116 000
Czech Republic The Safety Line – 800 155 555
Denmark BÃ¸rneTelefonen (Children phone) – 35 55 55 55
Estonia Patient groups – 126., AIDS helpline – 645 5555, NGO Lifeline – CONFIDENCE WHEN LIFE TÜDINUILE – 655 8088 or 1707, “Psychology Crisis intervention” NGO Lifeline (Prof. Psychologists) – 631 4300, YOUNG LINE CHAT – 646 1111, Tallinn Family Centre -6556 088 Finland, Child and Youth Phone – 0800 120400
France, Allo Enfance Maltraitee – 119
Germany, Kinder- und Jugendtelefon Nummer ggen Kummer e.V. – 0800 111 0333 Greece, Hamogelo – 1056
Hungary, Kek Vonal – 06 80 505 000
Iceland, RedCross– 1717
Latvia, Child Helpline – 800 9000 or 116111
Lithuania, Childline – 8 800 11111
Luxembourg, 12345 Kanner- Jugendtelefon – 12345
Macedonia, SOS Helpline for Children and Youth – +389 2246 6588
Malta, Supportline – 179
Netherlands, Landelijk Overleg Kindertelefoon – 0800 0432
Norway, Røde Kors telefonen for barn og ungdom (Red Cross Helpline) – 0800 33 321
Poland, Helpline.org.pl – 800 100 100
Portugal, SOS Criança– 27 793 16 17 / 800 20 26 51
Serbia, NAcionalna DEcija Linija- NADEL Srbija – 0800123456
Slovakia Linka detskej istoty: 1116 111, www.ldi.sk (child helpline) Hľadané deti: 116 000 (missing and sexually abused children)
Slovenia, Tom National Telephone Network – 080 1234 Turkey, ALO – 183 Ukraine, The Odessa Samaritans Peer Line – 482 221 744
Armenia Child Protection Hotline – +3741240150 or 240160
Azerbaijan ETIMAD Sumgayit – 23131
Belarus Smorgon Information Centre on children rights education/SICCRE – +375 1592 33 129
National helpline for domestic violence victims – 8-801-100-8-801
Brunei Helpline Kebajikan – 141 or+673 238 0664;+673 238 0667;+673 238 0668
Hong Kong, Against Child Abuse Hotline – +852-27551122
Iran, The Helping voice – +98-21-850 1414 or +98-21-850 1415
Kazakhstan, Child Helpline – 150
Mongolia, Friends 1979 – 1979
Nepal, Child Workers in Nepal – 427 1000 Pakistan, Madadgaar Children and Women Help Line – 111 911 922
Russia, Hotline for Children, Teenagers and Parents (Magadan) – +7 41322 20878, Moscow Childline – +7 095 735 8484, Teenage social-psychological support (Tomsk) – +7 83822 244442
SE Asia & Asia Pacific Region
New Zealand Safeguarding Organisation: firstname.lastname@example.org
Indonesia, TESA – 129
Japan Childline Support Center Japan (NPO) – 0120-99-7777
Philippines, Bantay Bata 163 – 163
Philippines Save the Children: Address: Supporter Care team Midland Building, 1040 EDSA, Magallanes Village, Makati City 1232 Call us: Please call (02) 851-3702 or (02) 853-2142, Fax us: Send us a fax on (02) 853-0215
For volunteer and internship:Volunteer.PH@savethechildren.org
Singapore, Tinkle Friend – 1800 2744 788
T’ai-wan, 113 woman and children protection helpline– 113
Thailand, Saidek – 1387
Vietnam, Childline – 1800 1567
Near East and Africa
SASPCAN South African Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect: email@example.com
ANPPCAN African Network for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (Uganda & Ethiopia) firstname.lastname@example.org
Enfants Solidaires d’Afrique et du Monde: email@example.com
Botswana, Childline Botswana- 0800 3900 900
Egypt Hotline for Children – 16000
Gambia 199 Helpline – 199
Israel, L.O./Combat violence against women – 09952 8927 Jordan, 110 for Families and Children – 110
Kenya, Chidline- 116
Namibia, Lifeline/Childline Namibia – 926461226894
Nigeria, Human Development Initiatives – 0806 353 1872
Palestine, Sawa Child Protection Helpline – 121
South Africa, Childline South Africa – 08000 55555 Senegal, Centre GINDDI – 800 88 88
Uganda, 0800 111 222
Zimbabwe, Childline – 961
Yemen, YMHA – 236622
Caribbean, Central and South America
Antigua & Barbuda Friends Hotline Antigua and Barbuda – 800 4357
Argentina 102 Childhelpline – 102
Brasil TECA – +55 21 2589 5656, 123Alô! – +55 21 2197-1500
Chile Fono Infancia – 800 200 818
Colombia Telefono Amigo – 106
Costa Rica LÃnea Cuenta Conmigo- +506 800 2244-911 Dominican Republic Linea Telefonica para Auxilio – 538-6151
Jamaica, Friends Hotline – +1-888-991-4505 or 977 5754 Mexico, Acercatel – 01800 110 10 10
Panama, Tu Linea – 147
Paraguay, FONO Ayuda – 559 200 or 147 Peru, Fundación ANAR – +51 0800 22210 Trinidad & Tobago, Childline – 800 4321 ot 131
Uruguay, Linea Azul Servicio Telefónico – 800 50 50